Coal Mine Canyon, Moenkopi

American Indian Tribes

Long before the Wild West. Before the Chinese Dynasty. And even before the extinction of saber-toothed cats and the mammoth. As far back as 12,000 years ago, the existence of Indian inhabitants and their culture were far underway in what, today, we affectionately call Arizona. Others showed up much later, about 2,000 years ago, yet centuries before even Spanish settlers set foot in the area. These early inhabitants began to settle into villages throughout the diverse regions of Arizona, giving formation to tribes such as the Ancestral Puebloans, Hohokam, Mogollon, and Patayan people.

Today, Arizona is the proud home to 22 sovereign American Indian communities that serve as the foundational recipe to Arizona’s unique spiritual, cultural, and economic richness. Throughout Arizona’s museums and Indian-ruin sites, you’ll step back into the past with an up-close experience of artifacts and fascinating structures that were built and used by these tribes in day-to-day life.

For anyone visiting Arizona, the unique American Indian heritage and culture here is a must-see for getting a firsthand understanding of our state’s special and important history.

Learn about Tribal
Tourism Offerings


See what 22 American Indian tribes call Arizona home.

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Understand the history, culture, and traditions of Arizona’s American Indians.

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Explore Arizona’s American-Indian ruins, memorial parks, and more.

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Tribal Lands Map

Find your way to and around American Indian lands.

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Make the best of your
visit to tribal lands.

The opportunities to visit tribal lands and experience their cultures differ among the different American Indian communities. While many tribes, like the Navajo Nation and White Mountain Apache, welcome visitors for a more robust experience, others limit involvement to their commercial interests.

What to know before you go:

  • Each tribe’s reservation is a sovereign nation and operates its own government, laws, and rules for visitors.
  • There are many sacred areas, such as gravesites, that are restricted and not open to non-tribal members.
  • Alcohol isn’t permitted or tolerated on tribal land, except in designated areas like casinos.

The more you know, The more you enjoy

You can learn a little more from the links below about what to do and buy when visiting Arizona’s American-Indian communities.

The Indian Arts and Crafts Board and Indian Arts and Crafts Association can help you with information about purchasing authentic American-Indian keepsakes.

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