Used by the U.S. Army since 1877, this fort is located along the Mexico border and has a long history as a military base.
Quiz time: What military base, 15 miles north of the U.S.-Mexico border, was once used as a base for Buffalo Soldiers, and is now one of the country’s busiest Army installation? That’s right. It’s Southern Arizona’s Fort Huachuca.
Located outside of Sierra Vista, Fort Huachuca was originally built to guard settlers and travel routes in southeastern Arizona from the local Apaches. Selected due to an abundance of fresh running water, excellent observation lines in three directions, and high ground for protection, a camp was established in 1877 and was later designated as a fort in 1882.
African-American troops, known as Buffalo Soldiers, of the 10th Cavalry arrived in 1913 and occupied the base for nearly 20 years. Notable in cavalry history: The regiment joined General John J. Pershing in the 1916 expedition to Mexico and were tasked with protecting the U.S.-Mexico border during World War I.
The post has changed hands many times over the years, most recently in October 1990 when the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command become the new host command. Today, Fort Huachuca remains a major military installation in Arizona, and is proud to be one of the most prominent in the Southwest.
The Fort Huachuca Historical Museum is open to civilian and military guests free of charge.
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