Arizona is a big state—the sixth largest in the nation—and one way to get a sense of that expanse is to walk the length of it.
The Arizona National Scenic Trail is a lanky route traversing the entire state, stretching from Mexico to Utah. The trail begins at the Coronado National Memorial on the U.S.-Mexico border and rambles north for 800-plus miles crossing isolated mountain ranges, rolling grasslands, sun-spanked desert, forested plateaus and a canyon called Grand.
A Flagstaff teacher, Dale Shewalter, hatched the idea for the ambitious trail in the 1980s. Designated a National Scenic Trail in 2009, the pathway is popular with hikers, equestrians and mountain bikers. While some trail users are through-hikers, most seek shorter jaunts. The Arizona Trail is divided into 43 passages, and even those can be tackled in more bite-sized chunks.
To sample some of the immense beauty of the Arizona Trail, here are a few passages, from south to north.
Arizona Trail - Section 11
Santa Catalina Mountains—18.5 miles
This section immediately gives you a taste of Arizona’s staggering diversity as it whisks you from desert to cool mountain forests with a stop at a refreshing swimming hole along the way. The Santa Catalina Mountains form the northern border of Tucson, rising ramparts of peaks and angled summits, and this route takes you to the top.
From the Gordon Hirabayashi Trailhead, the trail first follows a dirt road before branching off and passing an old reservoir that’s now mostly silted over into a marshy riparian area. (Don’t worry, this isn’t your swimming hole.)
The trail crosses Sycamore Canyon before making a steep descent into the Sabino Basin. You’ll enjoy expansive views as you follow the east fork of Sabino Canyon, which is the quintessential Sonoran Desert oasis. This is a woodsy cathedral guarded by cactus spines and rocky cliffs. Streams wind through canyon bottoms and around a jumble of granite boulders. A slender forest of sycamore, cottonwood, willow, ash and walnut trees canopies clear pools and splashy cascades. Steep slopes above bristle with saguaro.
Past the junction with the Sabino Canyon Trail, continue uphill along the west fork to Hutch’s Pool. With sheer rock sides and a small sandy beach, this is a popular swimming hole almost year-round. In the desert, air conditioning keeps us sane, but water and shade set us free.
Leave the pool behind—no easy task—and make the climb toward Romero Pass, steep at times but with level stretches mixed in. Turn onto Wilderness of Rocks Trail through a gallery of sculpted stone. Turn again onto Marshall Gulch Trail and follow it through pine forest to the trailhead. Bonus: You’re just down the road from the mountain hamlet of Summerhaven, where you can treat yourself to a meal, a beverage and a cookie the size of a manhole cover.
Arizona Trail - Section 19
Superstition Wilderness—29.4 miles
This passage heads into the Superstition Wilderness, protecting a fierce mountain range on the eastern edge of the Valley of the Sun. The Supes, as they’re known locally, are rugged, untamed and drenched in legend—blame it on the Dutchman’s elusive gold. Tales of the Lost Dutchman Mine began luring treasure hunters in the late 19th century with rumors of hidden gold and deathbed directions. Several men died under mysterious circumstances while seeking the mine.
Visitors today are more likely to encounter sunscreen-slathered hikers than grizzled prospectors. The trail first descends into Rogers Canyon, then angles northeast toward Reavis Saddle and on to historic Reavis Ranch. Elisha Reavis was another colorful character drawn to the Superstitions. The bearded recluse established a lonely homestead in the 1870s, growing vegetables that he occasionally packed out and sold in Phoenix and Florence. In 1896, his body was found on the trail, cause of death unknown. He was buried on the spot, and the Arizona Trail passes by the unmarked grave.
The ruins of the ranch are tucked away in a lovely valley with pine trees, a shady creek and a remarkable middle-of-nowhere apple orchard. After leaving the ranch, the trail climbs through Reavis Gap with good views along the way. You’ll pass Walnut Spring and Cottonwood Spring.
The trail emerges from Cottonwood Canyon, and you’re soon tracing the edge of mighty Roosevelt Lake past the marina and finally crossing the water on Roosevelt Lake Bridge.
Arizona Trail - Section 31
Walnut Canyon—17.9 miles
Starting from Marshall Lake, which is more marsh than a lake, keep an eye peeled for wildlife. This crucial wetland is a popular hangout for deer, elk, bald eagles, osprey and a slate of waterfowl. Enjoy an easy jaunt across Anderson Mesa, a gently sloping tableland with scattered timber framing views of the San Francisco Peaks.
The trail drops into Lower Walnut Canyon with wildflower-streaked meadows beneath cross-bedded sandstone cliffs in soft sunset hues. Shallow caves are gouged out along the base of the angled and contorted stone walls. Past the Sandys Canyon Trail junction, turn right and continue through Walnut Canyon.
A few hundred years ago, Walnut Canyon was a thriving population center for the Sinagua culture. Prehistoric cliff dwellings are secreted away in the natural contours of the gorge. They're now protected as part of Walnut Canyon National Monument.
The trail climbs steeply out of Walnut Canyon at Fisher Point. From there it follows the rim, dipping in and out of a tributary gorge before reaching the trailhead near Interstate 40.
Arizona Trail - Section 38
Grand Canyon Inner Gorge—21.8 miles
It wouldn’t count as an Arizona Trail if it didn’t cross the Big Ditch. This passage begins at the South Kaibab Trailhead and swoops down the canyon wall in a series of switchbacks. Just shy of a mile, it breaks free at Ooh Aah Point, thrusting out into the gorge with views breaking wide all around you.
The trail follows a spine of rock down to Cedar Ridge, then curves past O’Neill Butte and reaches the top of the redwall formation at a beautiful overlook called Skeleton Point. It zigzags down the cliffs to the Tonto Platform and makes a steep descent across the inner gorge.
The trail crosses the Colorado River at the Black Bridge, an engineering marvel built in 1928. Head downstream to Bright Angel Creek and past the campground to Phantom Ranch, a great place to stop for cold lemonade. Follow the creek, and as you leave the ranch, the path becomes the North Kaibab Trail.
Climb through The Box, with exposed rock walls closing around you. The trail crisscrosses the creek on footbridges before reaching the short path to Ribbon Falls. This is a must-stop detour leading back to a picturesque grotto and a silver cascade that looks as if it were plucked from a tropical island.
From the falls, the trail continues along the creek to Cottonwood Camp. At last, it leaves the stream behind, passing the turnoff to Roaring Springs, a frothy geyser that provides all the drinking water for the Grand Canyon. You’ll pass through a tunnel and climb the final switchbacks to the forested heights of the North Rim.
This article originally appeared in the 2018 Arizona Official State Visitors Guide, published by Madden Media.