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History

Kids and adults alike are fascinated with Arizona’s Old West past – as well as its centuries of Native American history. From frontier towns you can still visit today to ancient ruins, old highways and more, Arizona has plenty of cool historical sites all across the state.

Read on to learn more about the history of each of Arizona’s regions.

  • Northern Arizona
    From its ancient Indian dwellings and glimpses of early frontier life to historic Route 66, Northern Arizona is rich in history. Navajo, Hopi, Hualapai, Apaches, Havasupai and other Native American tribes all live here, descendants of prehistoric people who built extensive civilizations, complete with cliff dwellings, architectural pueblos and ball courts.
  • North Central Arizona
    National monuments showcasing ancient ruins help tell North Central Arizona’s long history. The Sinagua Indians, who inhabited the area between 500 and 1300 AD, led a simple life based on corn farming, subsistence hunting and gathering throughout the region.
  • Phoenix & Central Arizona
    Phoenix has some ancient roots, dating back as far as 700 AD, when the area was first inhabited by the Hohokam – meaning "those who have gone" – a people who mysteriously disappeared from the region.
  • Tucson & Southern Arizona
    Spanish influence abounds in Southern Arizona, including missions established by Spanish priests at Tubac and Tumacacori. It’s also home to the frontier town of Tombstone, where the famous gunfight at the O.K. Corral took place. Additionally, the influence of several Native American cultures can be seen throughout the area.
  • Arizona’s West Coast
    From Native Americans to Spanish Conquistadors to California gold miners, this region has seen it all. Prehistoric petroglyphs, the original London Bridge, the legendary Yuma Territorial Prison…even the Imperial Sand Dunes (where Return of the Jedi was filmed) are all part of the rich history of Arizona’s West Coast.
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