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Arizona Facts

Ready to learn about Arizona? Check out these fun facts about the state’s history, people and official state symbols.

Arizona History

  • Statehood: February 14, 1912. Arizona was the 48th state to join the United States.
  • State Flag: Adopted in 1917, the lower half of the flag is a blue field. The upper half is divided into thirteen equal segments, six light yellow and seven red. In the center of the flag is a copper-colored five-point star. The red and the blue are the same shades as the flag of the United States of America, and it measures four feet high and six feet wide.
  • State Seal: Arizona's main enterprises and attractions are represented in the seal, which was adopted in 1911. In the background of the seal is a range of mountains with the sun rising behind the peaks. At the right side of the mountains are a water storage reservoir and a dam, with irrigated fields and orchards. There are cattle grazing on the right, and a quartz mill and a miner with a pick and shovel on the left.

Population and Geography

  • Population: 6.5 million (2008 estimate)
  • State Capitol: Phoenix
  • Largest Cities: Phoenix, Tucson, Mesa, Glendale and Scottsdale
  • Border States: California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah
  • State Size: 113,909 square miles

State Symbols

  • State Motto: Ditat Deus (“God Enriches”)
  • State Nickname: Grand Canyon State
  • State Songs: "Arizona March Song" and "Arizona"
  • State Flower: Saguaro Cactus Blossom
  • State Gem: Turquoise
  • State Tree: Palo Verde
  • State Bird: Cactus Wren
  • State Fossil: Petrified Wood
  • State Mammal: Ringtail
  • State Reptile: Arizona Ridge-Nosed Rattlesnake
  • State Fish: Apache Trout 
  • State Amphibian: Arizona Tree Frog
  • Official Neckwear: Bola Tie

Major Industries in Arizona

All types of industries and businesses can be found in Arizona, but manufacturing, mining and tourism are some of the most prominent.

  • Manufacturing: Arizona manufactures everything from food products to microchips, with major manufacturing facilities found primarily in the Phoenix and Tucson areas.
  • Mining: Gold, silver and other ores have been mined in Arizona for more than a century, but the state’s real claim to fame is copper. In 2007, more than 60 percent of all copper mined in the United States came from Arizona. 
  • Tourism: More than 37 million tourists visited Arizona in the year 2008 alone – leading to more than 170,000 jobs in areas like travel and lodging. This makes tourism one of the state’s largest industries.

For More Information

Find more fun facts about Arizona on these websites:

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